Scabbard of the emperors’ sword
The scabbard of the emperors’ sword was given to Napoleon Bonaparte in 1797, and has since been preserved at the museum of Fontainebleau near Paris. After the end of its Italian campaign, the defeated Austrians were forced to sign the treaty of Campo-Formio. As a symbol of their defeat, the commanding Austrian generals offered Napoleon a sword that had belonged to the Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire. The French Directoire complemented the gift by awarding Napoleon a magnificent golden scabbard. Modern analysis has shown that the scabbard is made of solid gold and that the Directoire spared no expense when it came to rewarding the brilliant general.