The plum pudding atom, precursor of the modern atom
Before the discovery of the atom nucleus by Rutherford, a popular representation was that of a plum-pudding atom. Electrons carrying negative electric charges had been discovered in 1896, and it was speculated that these charged particles were moving inside a kind of magma of positive charges whose nature and layout were ignored. No one was imagining the modern atom proposed by Niels Bohr in 1913, essentially made of vacuum with all positive charges concentrated within a tiny nucleus.